Test tubes
   

Grade 10 Science
In Grade 10, the following four subdisciplines of science are treated as strands within each course: Biology, Chemistry, Earth and Space Science, and Physics. The topics treated within each strand in each of the courses in Grades 10 are outlined in the following table. Environmental science is integrated into the curriculum expectations of every science course.

Strand Grade 10 Academic
(SNC2D)
Grade 10 Applied
(SNC2P)
BIOLOGY The Sustainability of Ecosystems (2009/10)

Tissues, Organs, and
Systems of Living
Things (2010/11)
Ecosystems & Human Activity (2009/10)

Tissues, Organs, and
Systems (2010/11)
CHEMISTRY Chemical Reactions Chemical Reactions
and Their Practical
Application
EARTH & SPACE
SCIENCE
Climate Change Earth’s Dynamic
Climate
PHYSICS Light and Geometric
Optics
Light and
Applications of
Optics

Science, Grade 10 Academic (SNC2D)
Prerequisite: Grade 9 Academic Science (SNC1D)

This course enables students to enhance their understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and of the interrelationships between science, technology, society, and the environment. Students are also given opportunities to further develop their scientific investigation skills. Students will plan and conduct investigations and develop their understanding of scientific theories related to the connections between cells and systems in animals and plants; chemical reactions, with a particular focus on acid–base reactions; forces that affect climate and climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.

Science, Grade 10 Applied (SNC2P)
Prerequisite: Grade 9 Applied Science (SNC1D)

This course enables students to develop a deeper understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to apply their knowledge of science in real-world situations. Students are given opportunities to develop further practical skills in scientific investigation. Students will plan and conduct investigations into everyday problems and issues related to human cells and body systems; chemical reactions; factors affecting climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.


Grade 11 Environmental Science
The expectations for the Grade 11 environmental science course are organized in five distinct but related strands. The content of the strands includes, where possible, topics set out in the pan-Canadian Common Framework of Science Learning Outcomes. The strands for the Grade 11 environmental science course are outlined in the following chart.

Strands Grade 11 University/College (SVN3M)
Strand 1 Scientific Solutions to Contemporary Environmental Challenges
Strand 2 Human Health and the Environment
Strand 3 Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry
Strand 4 Reducing and Managing Waste
Strand 5 Conservation of Energy



Science, Grade 11 University/College (SVN3M)
Prerequisite: Grade 10 Science, Academic or Applied (SNC2P/2D)

This course provides students with the fundamental knowledge of and skills relating to environmental science that will help them succeed in life after secondary school. Students will explore a range of topics, including the role of science in addressing contemporary environmental challenges; the impact of the environment on human health; sustainable agriculture and forestry; the reduction and management of waste; and the conservation of energy. Students will increase their scientific and environmental literacy and examine the interrelationships between science, the environment, and society in a variety of areas.



Grade 12 Earth and Space Science
The expectations for the Grade 12 earth and space science course are organized in five distinct but related strands. The content of the strands includes, where possible, topics set out in the pan-Canadian Common Framework of Science Learning Outcomes. The strands for the Grade 12 earth and space science course are outlined in the following chart.

Strands Grade 11 University (SES4U)
Strand 1 Astronomy (Science of the Universe)
Strand 2 Planetary Science (Science of the Solar System)
Strand 3 Recording Earth’s Geological History
Strand 4 Earth Materials
Strand 5 Geological Processes


Earth and Space Science, Grade 12 University (SES4U)
Prerequisite: Grade 10 Science, Academic (SNC2D)

This course develops students’ understanding of Earth and its place in the universe. Students will investigate the properties of and forces in the universe and solar system and analyse techniques scientists use to generate knowledge about them. Students will closely examine the materials of Earth, its internal and surficial processes, and its geological history, and will learn how Earth’s systems interact and how they have changed over time. Throughout the course, students will learn how these forces, processes, and materials affect their daily lives. The course draws on biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics in its consideration of geological and astronomical processes that can be observed directly or inferred from other evidence.


Grade 12 Science
The expectations for the Grade 12 science course are organized in five distinct but related strands. The content of the strands includes, where possible, topics set out in the pan-Canadian Common Framework of Science Learning Outcomes. The strands for the Grade 12 science course are outlined in the following chart.

Strands Grade 12 University/College (SNC4M)
Strand 1 Medical Technologies
Strand 2 Pathogens and Diseases
Strand 3 Nutritional Science
Strand 4 Science and Public Health Issues
Strand 5 Biotechnology


Science, Grade 12 University/College (SNC4M)
Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic (SNC2D), or any Grade 11 university, university/college, or college preparation course in science

This course enables students, including those pursuing postsecondary programs outside the sciences, to increase their understanding of science and contemporary social and environmental issues in health-related fields. Students will explore a variety of medical technologies, pathogens and disease, nutritional science, public health issues, and biotechnology. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study and helps refine students’ scientific investigation skills.